Mahathir Mohamad

Mahathir Mohamad
محضير محمد Category:Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text
Mahathir in 2018
4th and 7th Prime Minister of Malaysia
In office
10 May 2018 – 24 February 2020
Interim: 24 February 2020 – 1 March 2020
Monarch
DeputyWan Azizah Wan Ismail
Preceded byNajib Razak
Succeeded byMuhyiddin Yassin
In office
16 July 1981 – 30 October 2003
Monarch
Deputy
Preceded byHussein Onn
Succeeded byAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
1st Chairman of the
Homeland Fighters' Party
Assumed office
12 August 2020
PresidentMukhriz Mahathir
Preceded by''Position established''
1st Chairman of the
Malaysian United Indigenous Party
In office
7 September 2016 – 24 February 2020
PresidentMuhyiddin Yassin
Preceded by''Position established''
Succeeded byMuhyiddin Yassin (acting)
5th President of the United Malays National Organisation
In office
28 June 1981 – 31 October 2003
Deputy
Preceded byHussein Onn
Succeeded byAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
Ministerial roles
1974–1978Minister of Education
1976–1981Deputy Prime Minister
1978–1981Minister of Trade and Industry
1981–1986Minister of Defence
1986–1999Minister of Home Affairs
1998–1999Minister of Finance
2001–2003Minister of Finance
2020Acting Minister of Education
Other roles
2003Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
Personal details
Born
Mahathir a/l Iskandar Kutty

(1925-07-10) 10 July 1925 (age 96)
Alor Setar, Kedah, Unfederated Malay States, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
Political party
* UMNO
(1946–1969, 1972–2008, 2009–2016) * BERSATU
(2016–2020) * Independent
(2020) * PEJUANG
(since 2020)

Other political
affiliations
* Barisan Nasional
(1946–1969, 1972–2008, 2009–2016) * Pakatan Harapan
(2017–2020, allied : since 2020)

Spouse(s)
(m. 1956)
Children7 (including Marina, Mokhzani and Mukhriz)
RelativesIsmail Mohd Ali (brother-in-law)
ResidenceNo. 58, Mines Resort City, Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia
EducationSultan Abdul Hamid College
Alma materKing Edward VII College of Medicine (MBBS)
Occupation
ProfessionDoctor
AwardsList of honors and awards
Signature
Website[http://chedet.cc Official website] Category:Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia
[http://www.parlimen.gov.my/profile-ahli.html?uweb=dr&id=3517 Mahathir Mohamad] on Parliament of Malaysia
Mahathir Mohamad
Faction represented in Dewan Rakyat
1964–1969Alliance Party
1974–2004Barisan Nasional
2018–2020Pakatan Harapan
2020Malaysian United Indigenous Party
2020–2021Independent
2021–Homeland Fighters' Party
Faction represented in Dewan Negara
1973–1974Alliance Party


Mahathir bin Mohamad (; ; born Mahathir a/l Iskandar Kutty; 10 July 1925) is a Malaysian politician, statesman, author, and doctor who served as the fourth and seventh prime minister of Malaysia. He held office from July 1981 to October 2003 and later from May 2018 to March 2020 for a cumulative total of 24 years, making him the country's longest-serving prime minister. Before his promotion to the premiership, he served as Deputy Prime Minister and in other Cabinet positions. He has served as a member of parliament for Langkawi since May 2018, Kubang Pasu from August 1974 to March 2004, and Kota Setar Selatan from April 1964 to May 1969. His political career has spanned more than 75 years since he first joined a newly formed United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in 1946 opposing Malayan Union to forming his own political parties; the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU) in September 2016 and the Homeland Fighters' Party (PEJUANG) in August 2020 till date.

Born and raised in Alor Setar, Kedah, Mahathir excelled at school and became a physician. He became active in the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) before entering the Parliament of Malaysia in 1964. He served one term before losing his seat, subsequently falling out with Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman and being expelled from UMNO. He wrote ''The Malay Dilemma'' during this period, which formed the basis of future ethnic Malay affirmative action policies in the country. When Abdul Rahman resigned, Mahathir re-entered UMNO and parliament, and was promoted to the Cabinet, where he served as Minister of Education from 1974 to 1978 and Minister of Trade and Industry from 1978 to 1981. He became Deputy Prime Minister in 1976. In 1981, he was sworn in as prime minister following the resignation of Hussein Onn.

During Mahathir's first tenure as prime minister, Malaysia experienced a period of rapid modernization and economic growth, and his government initiated widespread industry privatisation and a series of bold infrastructure projects. Mahathir was a dominant political figure, winning five consecutive general elections and fending off a series of rivals for UMNO's leadership. However, his power accumulation came at the expense of judicial independence and the Malaysian royalty's traditional powers and privileges. He continued pro-''bumiputera'' affirmative action policies, but in the 1990s introduced the Bangsa Malaysia policy that saw some political liberalisation. He used the controversial Internal Security Act to detain activists, non-mainstream religious figures, and political opponents in Operation Lalang (1987) and later his Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim, whom he fired in 1998. Mahathir's record of curbing civil liberties and his antagonism towards Western interests and economic policy made his relationships with Western nations difficult. As prime minister, he was an advocate of third-world development and a prominent international activist.

After leaving office in 2003, Mahathir became a strident critic of his hand-picked successor Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, and later Najib Razak. In 2016, Mahathir quit UMNO in light of its support for Najib's actions despite the 1Malaysia Development Berhad corruption scandal. Later that year, the Malaysian United Indigenous Party was officially registered as a political party, with Mahathir as chairman. He was announced as the Pakatan Harapan coalition candidate for prime minister in the 2018 general election, with a plan to pardon Anwar Ibrahim and hand over the premiership to him after an unspecified interim period if the campaign succeeded. Following a decisive victory for Pakatan Harapan in the election, Mahathir was sworn in as prime minister. He was the first prime minister not to represent the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition (or its predecessor, the Alliance Party), and the first prime minister to serve non-consecutive terms, or as a member of two different parties.

In 2020, Mahathir's refusal to begin the process of handing over the role of Prime Minister to Anwar contributed to a political crisis, leading to the ousting of the Pakatan Harapan government and prompting Mahathir to resign. At the time of his resignation, he was the world's oldest serving state leader at the age of 94. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Mahathir Mohamad., 1925-
Published 2000